Saturday, September 7, 2013
London: located in the southeast of Britain, is the capital and largest city of the United Kingdom, long the capital of the British Empire. Founded almost 2,000 years ago by the Romans (Londinium), London in the nineteenth century was the most populous city in the world. Now widely exceeded in this area many megacities, it remains a city of first plan1 because of its reach and its considerable economic power, mainly due to its status as the leading financial center worldwide2.
Greater London, consisting of Inner and Outer London London, has 8,308,400 inhabitants in 20123. It performs 19% of gross domestic product UK4. The urban area of London has nearly 10 million people, while the metropolitan area, its area of direct influence, has over 13 million inhabitants. In Europe, only the cities of Moscow and Paris5, 6 have similar demographic weight. The people of London are called Londoners (English: Londoners).
London is vibrant and diverse and culturally. It plays an important role in art and fashion. It is also a major tourist destination. It receives 27 million tourists annum7 and has four World Heritage listed sites and numerous iconic landmarks: the Houses of Parliament, Tower Bridge, the Tower of London, Westminster Abbey, Buckingham Palace, but also institutions such as the British Museum or the National Gallery.