Friday, September 6, 2013

Salerno ( italy )

Salerno: is a city and comune in Campania (south- western Italy ) and is the capital of the province of the same name . It is located on the Gulf of Salerno on the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Salerno is the main town close to the Amalfi Coast (the " Amalfi Coast " on the Tyrrhenian Sea , which includes the famous towns of Amalfi, Positano, and others) and is mostly known for its Schola Medica Salernitana ( the first university of Medicine of the world.) in the 16th century, under the Sanseverino family, amongst the most powerful feudal lords in Southern Italy, the city became a great center of education , culture and the arts, and family hired several of the greatest intellectuals of the time . Later in 1694 , the city was hit by several earthquakes and catastrophic plagues , and after a period of Spanish rule , which will last until the 18th century . After that , Salerno became part of the Neapolitan Republic and saw a period of Napoleonic rule .
In recent history the city hosted the King of Italy , who moved to Rome in 1943 after Italy negotiated a peace with the Allies in World War II . A brief so-called " government of the South" was then established in the city , which became the "capital" of Italy for some months. Among Allied landings during Operation Avalanche (the invasion of Italy ) occurred near Salerno .
Today Salerno is an important cultural center in Campania and Italy and has had a long and eventful history . The city has a rich and varied culture , and the city is divided into three distinct regions : the medieval sector with a modern twist arts, the planned 19th century district and the area most densely populated after the war, with several of its properties.

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