Salerno: is a city and comune in Campania (south- western Italy ) and is the capital of the province of the same name . It is located on the Gulf of Salerno on the Tyrrhenian Sea.
In recent history the city hosted the King of Italy , who moved to Rome in 1943 after Italy negotiated a peace with the Allies in World War II . A brief so-called " government of the South" was then established in the city , which became the "capital" of Italy for some months. Among Allied landings during Operation Avalanche (the invasion of Italy ) occurred near Salerno .
Today Salerno is an important cultural center in Campania and Italy and has had a long and eventful history . The city has a rich and varied culture , and the city is divided into three distinct regions : the medieval sector with a modern twist arts, the planned 19th century district and the area most densely populated after the war, with several of its properties.